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Breaking: Nigeria's Inflation Rate Surges to 31.7%, Highest in Recent Years



The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) said the headline inflation rate increased year-on-year (YoY) by 1.8 percentage points to 31.7 per cent in February 2024 from 29.9 per cent in January 2024.

This represents the highest level of inflation recorded in 28 years.

The Bureau disclosed this in its Consumer Price Index, CPI, report for February 2024, noting that food inflation also increased to 37.92  per cent during the period from 35.41 per cent in January 2024.


NBS said: “In February 2024, the headline inflation rate increased to 31.70% relative to the January 2024 headline inflation rate, which was 29.9%. 


“Looking at the movement, the February 2024 headline inflation rate showed an increase of 1.8 % points when compared to the January 2024 

headline inflation rate.


“On a year-on-year (YoY) basis, the headline inflation rate was 9.79% points higher compared to the rate recorded in February 2023, which was 21.91%. 


“This shows that the headline inflation rate 

(YoY basis) increased in the month of February 2024 when compared to the same month in the preceding year (i.e, February 2023).


“Furthermore, on a month-on-month (MoM) basis, the headline inflation rate in February 2024 was 3.12%, which was 0.48% higher than the rate recorded in January 2024 (2.64%). 


“This means that in February 2024, the rate of increase in the average price level is more than the rate of increase in the average price level in January 2024.”

On food inflation, it stated: “The food inflation rate in February 2024 was 37.92% on a YoY basis, which was 13.57% points higher compared to the rate recorded in February 2023 (24.35%).

“The rise in food inflation on a year-on-year basis was caused by increases in the prices of bread and cereals, potatoes, yam and other tubers, fish, oil and fat, meat, fruit, coffee, tea, and cocoa. 


“On a MoM basis, the food inflation in February 2024 was 3.79%; this was 0.58% higher compared to the rate recorded in January 2024 (3.21%). 


“In February 2024, food inflation on a year-on-year basis was highest in Kogi (46.32%), Rivers (44.34%), and Kwara (43.5%), while Bauchi (31.46%), Plateau (32.56%), and Taraba (33.23%) recorded the slowest rise in food inflation on a year-on-year basis.


“On a MoM basis, however, February 2024 food inflation was highest in Adamawa (5.61%), Yobe (5.60%), and Borno (5.60%), while Cross River (2.08%), Niger (2.56%), and Abuja 

(2.60%) recorded the slowest rise in food inflation on a MoM basis.”


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